Sexual violence has been constructed as a systematic tactic of conflict within the Former Yugoslavia. This has pertained to the victimisation of women, girls, men, and boys. In the prosecution of such violence, this study will analyse the treatment of victims before the ICTY. This shall involve ascertaining the role of gender power relations, and gender assumptions within wider society, and throughout the international justice process. This shall take the form of a qualitative documentary analysis, using ICTY case transcripts to extract themes from the data. This has therefore illuminated themes such as diverging self-conceptions of sexually violent experiences, use of rape myths and challenging of credibility by the ICTY, and a determination to enact an ethic of justice, over an ethic of care. This critical analysis will seek to frame these themes as problematic, and evidence the ongoing tensions in Bosnia and Herzegovina as a reflection of the failure of the ICTY.
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