The purpose of this dissertation is to consider criminological theories and investigate their applicability to assist in analysing the crime of genocide; using the genocide of the Rohingya people in Myanmar as a case study. While criminology has a history of minimal engagement within genocide studies, there are several theories that can be applied to case studies to better understand the causes and outcomes of ethnic cleansing and genocide. Drawing attention to state crime and systematic weakening, the paper examines how these theories can explain the Rohingya genocide in Myanmar and how the state oppresses the ethnic minority group. Findings from this library-based research reveals the systematic abuse over the span of thirty years against the Rohingya people, and the state of Myanmar and its security services having committed the crime of genocide. While the theory of systematic weakening is developed in this paper, more primary research should be conducted in order to progress criminological academia within genocide studies and to save countless lives in the process.
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