In the last decade, the UK faced a variety of attacks from Islamic, right-wing groups and the emergence of hostile state activity from foreign states. Research has shown that to deal with these threats, counter-terrorism legislation must be effective in preventing terror attacks and radicalisation at an early stage. This study aims to critically discuss how effective counter-terrorism legislation is for the disruption of terrorism at an early stage. At the heart of the debate are three aspects in which Counter-Terrorism aims to prevent an attack: Restricting the activity of suspected terrorists; Managing and de-radicalising potentially vulnerable individuals and lastly, deterring individuals from engaging in such acts. The study concludes that Counter-Terrorism legislation prevents terrorism at an early stage to an extent but is handicapped by faults in its functionality and the lack of safeguards. It is recommended that legislation in this area be amended to provide greater clarity.
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